The Carbon Tax is Not a Wild Idea #CDNpoli
Many people were upset when the Liberal Government introduced a carbon tax. But Canada is not actually the first country in the world to introduce such a tax.
As of 2018 at least 27 countries and subnational units have implemented carbon taxes.
Research shows that carbon taxes effectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
As of 2017, however, there are more than US$300 billion in fossil fuel subsidies annually worldwide.
Many large users of carbon resources in electricity generation, such as the United States, Russia, and China, have resisted carbon taxation.
Before it was introduced nationally in Canada, some provinces took it upon themselves to implement a tax.
Quebec became the first in Canada to introduce a carbon tax. The tax was to be imposed on energy producers starting October 1, 2007, with revenue collected used for energy-efficiency programs including public transit. The tax rate for gasoline is $CDN0.008 per liter, or about $3.50 per tonne of CO2.
On February 19, 2008, the province of British Columbia announced its intention to implement a carbon tax of $10 per tonne of Carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) emissions (2.41 cents per litre on gasoline) beginning July 1, 2008, making BC the first North American jurisdiction to implement such a tax.
In July 2007, Alberta enacted the Specified Gas Emitters Regulation, Alta. Reg. 139/2007, (SGER). This carbon tax requires a $15/tonne contribution be made to the "Climate Change and Emissions Management Fund" (CCEMF) by companies that emit more than 100,000 tonnes of greenhouse gas annually to either reduce their CO2 emissions per barrel by 12 percent, or buy an offset in Alberta to apply against their total emissions.