French Presence in Newfoundland
Breton, Norman and Basque fishermen had been in Newfoundland about thirty years before French explorer Jacques Cartier arrived in Newfoundland waters in 1534.
When they first arrived fishermen concentrated on fishing close to shore in open boats.
They could be found in many areas of Newfoundland.
The southern half of Newfoundland, from Cape Race west beyond Placentia Bay, was one region.
Another region was the coast of Bonavista and the coast of the Northern Peninsula.
They were also along the west coast of Newfoundland, which French Basques made their own special domain.
By the middle of the 17 century, French settlement in Newfoundland had mostly disappeared.