Memorial Day has been observed annually since July 1, 1917, to recall the losses of approximately 700 soldiers of the 1st Newfoundland Regiment from the Dominion of Newfoundland at Beaumont-Hamel on the first day on the Somme during the First World War.
Since the induction of Newfoundland into Canada in 1949, "Memorial Day" has been amalgamated to commemorate the sacrifices of members of the armed forces of the Canadian province Newfoundland and Labrador in times of war.
It is observed concurrently with Canada's national holiday, Canada Day.
Canada Day is the national day of Canada. A federal statutory holiday, it celebrates the anniversary of the July 1, 1867, enactment of the Constitution Act, 1867, which united the three separate colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick into a single Dominion within the British Empire called Canada.
Originally called Dominion Day, the holiday was renamed in 1982, the year the Canada Act was passed.
Canada Day celebrations take place throughout the country, as well as in various locations around the world, attended by Canadians living abroad.